thesis committee invitation letter 12 AUGUST 2016
https://ecoact.org/thehospitalityprogram/test/?ma=help-with-social-study-homework-online&ba=2 In 2015 El Salvador led the export of paper and paperboard in the region, with $ 263 million sold, followed by Guatemala, which exported $ 138 million and thirdly Honduras, with $ 112 million. Market figures Paper and Cardboard in Central area CentralAmericaData.COM Business Intelligence report that in 2015 the countries of Central America exported a combined 457,000 tons of paper, cardboard, and derivative products, equivalent to $ 693 million.
enter El Salvador, one exporter in the region, in 2015 managed to place abroad 149,000 tons, for a total of $ 263 million. Guatemala, meanwhile, exported 99,000 tons at a value of 138 million. As for imports, the main buyer of paper, cardboard and its derivatives was Costa Rica, which imported 546,000 tons at a value of $ 578 million, followed by Guatemala, which he bought in 2015 a total of 416 thousand tons, a value of $ 452 million. CentralAmericaData.COM provides detailed information on the import and export of products of paper and cardboard such as toilet paper, paper towels, napkins, books, for industrial use, resistant fat, vellum and others. Source: Central Business Portal
AGREEMENT JOINT INSPECTIONS
go site 26 JULY 2016
https://ecoact.org/thehospitalityprogram/test/?ma=alabama-homeworkhelp&ba=2 BBC informs you that today, the SAT, and MAGA MINGOB have signed the Convention joint inspections at border crossings, seaports and airports in the Republic of Guatemala. With the support of GLG accompanying technical level authorities, seeking to create a transformative effect on our country and ensuring the competitiveness of the logistics chain cargo movement. Logistics commend the Union of Guatemala by the success achieved !!!
MULTICHANNEL STRATEGY IS THE BEST TO MEET EXPECTATIONS BUSINESS ONLINE
source url Jaume Riutord, argues that the multichannel strategy is the most appropriate to deal correctly profiles and different expectations that make online businesses adopt tools that customer to the needs of its users. Riutord adds that "it is possible that in some sectors the call online through call center disappear" and that "will move further towards social networks and forums systems and communities." In many companies this service does not work and can become one of the main business costs when the user is not able to contact the company or distrust it not knowing who is behind an online business or if it may be a fraud . So, optimize customer service is essential and ends up becoming the company brand and one of the points that makes the difference over the competition.
phd thesis word template "The three keys to good customer service are multichannel attention, fast response time and protocols for action and response well-defined," says Riutord, adding that "in 60% of cases, the main reason that the customer uses the phone to know who is behind an online business and if you can trust him. " The main doubts are due to the availability and delivery times of products. The founder of the company explains that attention over the phone carries a high cost, increased wear and less flexibility than in the case of email or social networks. That is why only be enhanced if it is really necessary. In cases where the business does not require immediate responses it is advisable to use media as social networks or sending internal messages from the same web. If it comes to an online store, the phone will be the most suitable to answer questions, for example, arising during the purchasing process and get more confidence and lose fewer sales environment. As for care through social networks like Twitter or Facebook, keep in mind that in many cases the information given are exposed publicly, so it is even more important to be extremely accurate and respectful. Another aspect to consider is the response time, since materialesdefabrica.com recommend not exceeding two hours, especially during working hours. Live chat can be a good option for ecommerce. In fact, a study published by Econsultancy showed that 24% of customers who have opportunity uses and 74% of them are satisfied. The omnichannel has emerged as an evolution in multichannel ecommerce and tries to integrate all digital or not, channels for the customer to choose how, where and when to buy. Source: http://noticiaslogisticaytransporte.com/
ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN LATIN AMERICA GROWS
essay on ethical issues in the workplace E-commerce in Latin America has experienced exponential growth over the past five years, which has quadrupled the volume of sales made by this channel, with a Compound Annual Growth Rate -CARG- of 34% in the period 2009- 14, according to the latest Media Study Payment by Tecnocom. According to the data collected from various national sources, e-commerce recorded a growth of sales volume by around 25% in the region, where Brazil accounts for most of the value of recorded sales.
http://dig.csail.mit.edu/wiki/images/faq.php?toq=writing-a-job-proposal&how=6 In 2014, the country entered USD 15,200 million in sales of electronic retail (according to data from the Brazilian Chamber of Electronic Commerce), 13% more than the previous year. Mexico followed at a distance closer each and with total sales year in 2014 of USD 12,200 million according to AMIPCI, scoring a growth of 32%. Third is placed first and beating Colombia, Chile, where e-commerce turnover of about USD 4,300 million, which more than doubles the previous year. Colombia accounted for USD 3,500 million and USD 1,250 million Peru, 16% and 25% higher than the previous year, respectively. In Spain, e-commerce has nearly tripled the turnover over the last five years, mainly due to the increase in the number of Internet users, the largest proportion of those who made online purchases and the unstoppable growth of supply of products and services available to the consumer. Figures released by the National Commission Markets and Competition for the financial year 2014, which accounted for purchases made online by credit card or debit endorse this behavior: they registered 190 million e-commerce operations, which accounted for a volume business of USD 21.1 billion (EUR 15.9 billion), 25.9% more than in 2013, year in which he also recorded a similar growth of 24.7% over 2012. Source: finanzaspracticas.com
BOOST LOGISTICS PLATFORM IN CENTRAL AMERICA
thesis for a processes essay 21 JUNE 2016
http://dig.csail.mit.edu/wiki/images/faq.php?toq=thesis-defence-fail&how=6 Boost regional authorities in Port XXVII Meeting of the Central American Isthmus (REPICA), the creation of a regional logistics platform to increase trade in Mesoamerica, organizers reported today. "For a regional logistics platform work, plus shipping short distance, will be needed ground infrastructure, efficient airports and a broker or dry canal from ocean to ocean," said the director of Maritime and Port Affairs of the Central Commission Sealift (COCATRAM), José Dopeso.
an essay towards man with a movie camera The REPICA is an annual event organized by the COCATRAM, an institution that is part of the Central American Integration System (SICA), which brings together maritime authorities and port operators in the region and this year held in Panama City from 16 to 19th of June. The Secretary General of the Panama Maritime Authority (AMP), Thomas vila, decided to seek strategies to boost maritime transport, so that the movement of cargo is abandoned road because "there have been studies that say the land cargo in Central America it moves in an average of 18 kilometers per hour. " This slowness is explained by the poor state of the roads, insecurity and crime that prevents trucks from moving certain times, the number of border crossings and the regulations of the countries listed vila. "To have ports must be loaded, we can not have the ambition to have a short distance shipping if the boat will be empty wandering around Central America. You must have the ability to load up and down in different countries, "he added the general secretary of the AMP. The meeting also will discuss marine pollution, especially in the ports of the Caribbean Sea and the "change of mind" regarding private port management. "In 2008 in Central America speak a port concession to a private operator was almost taboo. Panama pioneered that because in that year and had three ports (of this kind). The region has taken a step forward, "Dopeso said. Panamanian authorities also presented the draft National Law Logistics Panama, as confirmed by the Secretary General of the AMP, an initiative that aims to harness the business opportunities offered by the expansion of the Canal and turn the country into a regional logistics center . Source: FREE PRESS
GOOD NEWS FOR COFFEE
15 JUNE 2016
Good news for coffee WHO confirmed the absence of links between coffee consumption and various types of cancer, removing the infusion of the list of "possibly carcinogenic" drinks."... A review of more than 500 medical and epidemiological studies conducted by 23 scientists from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) of the World Health Organization (WHO) found no link between this drink and tumors breast, pancreas, prostate and 20 other cancers. However, even the question of whether there is a very low risk of cancer in the liver and endometrial cancer persists. "
The coffee is now in Group 3 of IARC, where the substances "not classifiable as carcinogenic to humans". Review Nacion.com that "... The agency clarifies that this does not mean that the substance is completely safe. 'Being in group 3 does not mean that has been proven safe substance. It means that the scientific evidence gathered so far not it is sufficient to conclude whether it causes cancer. in this case, yes it was found that coffee is not linked with 20 cancers of all, they have been reduced liver tumors and endometrial cancer risks. possible evidence with bladder cancer has become weaker and now we can not determine that the coffee has to do with the development of tumors in this area, "said a report prepared by the IARC." See "Carcinogenicity of drinking coffee, matte, and very hot beverages" report.
MULTI PACKAGING: LOGISTICS AND MARKETING SOLUTION
JUNE 1, 2016
The evolution of the packaging has been driven by the constant search to achieve better performance in conservation, design, packaging, among others. Today, the packaging industry seeks to turn this protective element in a supplement to the product, to implement more strategies to logistics and marketing level. One of the primary strategies of companies is the ability to adapt to market trends.
An example of these changes, in most cases necessary and driven by the development of contemporary technology, is manifested through the packaging of some of the largest companies in the world. The advantages are:
• Increased productivity. This in terms of reducing costs, eliminating unnecessary processes and better working conditions (occupational health and safety) for operators.
• Improved design multiempaque. Our tape behaves very well with most primary packaging market. It is a repositionable adhesive tape and clean removal; also allows greater visibility of primary packaging.
• Increased sustainability. Our solution generates at least 50% reduction in CO2 emissions when developing multipacks. All these variables are quantifiable and we do it for the customer.
In conclusion, the multiempaque can be implemented in all kinds of products, mainly those with homogeneous primary packaging, and is an excellent option for achieving high graphic capabilities and great promotional impact.
Source: Journal of Logistics
INTELLIGENT WAREHOUSE WILL COMMUNICATE AND PRODUCTS FROM EACH OTHER
18 MAY 2016
Smart stores may communicate with each other and even with the product being assembled by increasing industrial automation and customization. In addition, factories with highly automated machines include processes more intelligent production that will result in less storage and tighter scheduled delivery time.
CENTRAL AMERICA NEED AERONAUTICAL POLICY OPEN
13 APRIL 2016
In countries where airlines work closely with airport authorities and governments, the sector's development is remarkable, as is the case of Panama. Air connectivity in Latin America and the Caribbean is expensive: there are 130 different taxes on airfare, whose costs are also charged to companies, individual travelers, aviation industry and tourism in general. Therefore, in countries where airlines work closely with airport authorities and governments, the sector's development is remarkable, he told Martesfinanciero.com Tony Tyler, CEO of the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
"... The union of air transport advocates that high taxes are reduced by smart regulation, and to promote efficient infrastructure and plans to mitigate the impact on the environment. The agency notes that poor infrastructure at airports is another obstacle. Warn that by 2034 the number of passengers to, from, and within the Latin America and the Caribbean will double to 525 million. " "... 'Increased collaboration between partners in the value chain and governments in these areas can unlock all the untapped potential and boost economic growth. This is particularly important given the difficult economic situation in some of the major economies of the region, "Tyler said."
LOGISTICS MODERNIZATION IN BRAZIL
APRIL 5, 2016
Everyone knows that Brazil is a country of continental dimensions, which makes handling of logistics processes is a challenge for companies. It has more than 8 million square km (almost 50% of South America).
And to keep pace with its logistics modernization, Brazil is willing to experiment with new forms of collaboration to ensure greater benefits:
• Better and safer roads
• Railway Network grows for Brazil to grow.
• Increasingly modern and efficient ports.
• More and better airports.
• Intelligence Logistics.
The investment reduces costs and makes Brazil more competitive in domestic and foreign markets.
REACHING AGREEMENT AND PUERTO SANTO TOMAS
17 MARCH 2016
Reopens Operations in Santo Tomas de Castilla back to normal, after pilots and customs agents agreed with the Government to improve the conditions of the terminal. Activities in the port Santo Tomas de Castilla (Guatemala Caribbean) returned to normal after spending three days paralyzed by pilots and customs managers who demanded more speed in the passage of the cargo terminal. Customs and pilots representatives reached an agreement with the Presidential Commissioner for Urban Development, Competitiveness and Critical Infrastructure Local Enrique Godoy.
Elperiodico.com.gt review that "... between what is agreed is the better functioning of customs, giving them more personal and fix or buy machinery that is necessary for the proper functioning of the port, explained Victor Rivera, president Association of Customs Agents Guatemala ". By entrepreneurs, "... Jorge Briz, president of the Coordinating Committee of Agricultural, Commercial, Industrial and Financial (CACIF) warned that although managed to solve this crisis, these situations occur continuously in national customs and because SAT does not put enough staff on the port to perform their duties. And the port are inefficient, do not have enough personnel and equipment to labor quickly and efficiently. " CACIF reported in a statement that the three-day stoppage at the Port Santo Tomas de Castilla left as a result that could not be exported 100 containers, representing losses of about $ 7.5 million. "... Banana, estimated losses are $ 800,000 for each day lock, totaling $ 2.4 million. Total 2,100 containers were those who were detained, many of them fruit, vegetables and other non-traditional products. "
GALLEGAS EXPORTS TO CENTRAL AMERICA INCREASED 23.5% IN THE PAST TWO YEARS
9 MARCH 2016
Galicia invites you to discover its potential in a conference with members of embassies of Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala and Panama Galician exports to Central America increased by 23.5% since 2013, coinciding with the implementation of the agreement Central-European Union partnership, while increased by 10% the number of companies exporting community to the area. Enlarge Photo This was highlighted by the Regional Minister of Economy Emprego and Industry, Francisco Conde, during his participation in the opening of a conference focused on the agreement, which has invited representatives of the embassies of Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala and Panama, present in the hall of the Galician employers, to know "the potential of Galicia".
"Galicia tends their hands in a spirit of collaboration and with a vision of open economy," he stressed the head of the regional department, after finding the "huge opportunity" that this market represents for the community. Specifically, Conde has referred to areas such as innovation, knowledge transfer, and also to energy efficiency and renewable energy, as part of a "stable business climate" and a "strategic partnership" that has he stressed, is "beyond" trade. Therefore, it has also encouraged the Galician businessmen to take advantage of links with these countries, "not only by history and culture," but by the geostrategic position of Galicia.
See more: http://www.20minutos.es/.../exportaciones-gallegas-centroam.../...
GUATEMALA: TAX EXEMPTIONS TEXTILES AND CALL CENTERS
26 FEBRUARY 2016
Legislature finally passed the Employment Act granting exemptions for 10 years at the call center and the maquilas operating in the country. A statement from the Congress of Guatemala: With 113 votes in favor, members of the National Emergency Congress approved Decree 19-2016, Emerging Conservation Act Employment, which exempts import tax for 10 years at the call center and maquilas operating in the country. Legislative Decree 19-2016, registration number 5007, reform the Law on Promotion and Development of Export and Maquila Activities, Decree 2989 and the Free Zones Act, Decree 65-89 of Congress, whose term by 10 years had already expired.
"This is a law that is directed exclusively to the maquila sector and call center; There are many industries that are not going to be able to have the benefit of 10 years of not paying taxes and how important is that will employ more than 50 thousand people, "said Deputy Aristides Crespo, chairman of the Economic Committee. Emerging Conservation Act Employment favors more than 100,000 jobs, direct and indirect in the country; guarantees access to IGSS Workers attracts international investment and extends for ten years exemption from income tax (ISR) to textiles and services such as call centers. The Minister of Economy, Ruben Morales said in a statement that the law "helps preserve investment, attract and encourage new job creation. The law establishes a framework for decision-making of investors in these sectors legal framework ". Emerging Conservation Act Employment was agreed at the technical level with the private sector and has the support of the Ministry of Finance and the Tax Authority.
Source: Marco Trade News
THE BENEFITS OF CHARGING TOCUMEN AS HUB
18 FEBRUARY 2016
As a gateway to 90 destinations in America and Europe and soon Asia, Panama International Airport air cargo bet high value. The development of the logistics area Tocumen International Airport will bring opportunities for infrastructure development in terms of roads, land leveling and construction and fitting of the galleys and sheds. But also it projects a discrete dynamic market, as it has been until today the air cargo transport, whose business represents only 9% of the income of the world's airlines. In order to increase the air cargo market between 4% and 5% per year, airport authorities included in its master plan, development of logistics cargo area with areas for specialized airlines, business workshops and a free zone for manufacturing.
"... Our analysis and studies show us that we must continue in the air cargo business of high value," said Joseph Fidanque Martesfinanciero.com III, general manager of Tocumen International Airport, S.A. Cargo services to sectors such as agriculture and fisheries exports, regional distribution of pharmaceuticals and medical supplies, assembly and distribution of high-tech products, development of value chains between maritime and air transport and airlines to other airlines They are evaluating the potential sectors for the authorities hub. In addition, the creation of a center for spare parts and parts for the automotive industry and one regional distribution of load area. "... In Tocumen over 114 thousand tons of merchandise were mobilized in 2014, including loading and unloading, as well as transhipment. The main cargo movements are made to and from Panama to Miami, Bogota, San Jose, Caracas and other cities in the region, with more than 15 freight forwarding companies that offer the service. It is expected to double cargo movement in two or three years with this infrastructure. "
TRADE BALANCE BETWEEN U.S.A AND LATIN AMERICA
FEBRUARY 11, 2016
The trade balance of the United States with the countries of South America and Central America recorded a positive balance of 37 thousand 433 million dollars in 2015, a result of exports 153 000 306 million and imports by 115 thousand 872 million dollars reported US Department of Commerce.
We highlight some figures of bilateral trade in goods in the United States with Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela.
Argentina.- EU's trade balance with Argentina ended 2015 with a surplus of 5 billion 387 million dollars, a result of US exports by 9000 335 million dollars and imports by 3000 948 million dollars. However, the figure represented a decline in the surplus compared to 2014, when it recorded a surplus in 6000 American country of 582 million dollars, showing a decline in bilateral trade of around 10% in both imports and exports.
Brazil.- The positive balance of trade in goods with Brazil EU decreased significantly, from 11 thousand 892 million dollars in 2014-4000 260 million dollars in 2015. US exports to the Brazilian market in 2015 totaled 31 000 665 million dollars, while imports reached 405 million 27 thousand dollars.
Chile.- In merchandise trade with Chile, the US rate in 2015 recorded a surplus in 6000 of $ 707 million, representing a slight decrease compared to the previous year, when it totaled 039 million 7000 dollars. Both exports and imports, consistent sense, they observed slight interannual variations, reaching a total of 15 000 587 000 000 8000 and 879 million dollars respectively.
Colombia.- The US trade balance with Colombia was reversed in 2014, consolidating a positive balance of 2 000 446 million favorable for the US dollar country.The result became export by 16 thousand 503 million dollars and imports by 14 thousand 056 million dollars.
MEXICO The US trade deficit in merchandise trade with Mexico was ranked last year 58 thousand 363 million dollars, representing a slight increase compared to 2014 when it registered a total of 53 thousand 825 million dollars . US exports to the neighboring country totaled 377 million 236 thousand dollars; Meanwhile, imports totaled 741 million 294 thousand dollars.
Venezuela.- In merchandise trade with Venezuela, the US rate significantly decreased the deficit rising from 19 000 081 million in 2014-7000 246 million dollars in 2015. US exports to the South American country totaled 8 000 317 million, while imports totaled 15 thousand 563 million dollars in the mentioned period.
Source: Marco Trade News
PANAMA LOGISTIC SUMMIT IN MARCH 2016
FEBRUARY 5, 2016
On March 11 the second edition of the event that will present opportunities for business development that will bring the third set of locks of the Panama Canal will be held. The Panama Maritime Chamber of Panama called the event Logistic Summit 2016: Logistics in the Americas after the Canal Expansion on March 11.
Laestrella.com.pa review that "... among the issues to be addressed is the preparation of the United States in terms of logistics for the changes generated by the Panama Canal expansion through a third set of locks to open next, and opportunities business development come to light ". "... One of the main speakers will be James Tompkins, founder and CEO of Tompkins International, specializing in supply chain planning (supply chain) and distribution operations for creating business value consulting. Also participate Rick Blasgen, president and CEO of Council of Supply Chain Management and Kevin Smith, president of Sustainable Supply Chain Consulting, which specializes in developing and implementing strategies worldwide supply chain consultant ".
TRADE FAIR FOR Guatemalan companies
29 JANUARY 2016
Inviting food and beverage companies, manufacturing and plastics to participate in the country that have Guatemala Pavilion at the fair to be held in Guadalajara from 16 to 18 March. A statement from the Guatemalan Association of Exporadores: The Trade Promotion Department invites companies AGEXPORT the food and beverage sector, manufacturing and plastics to participate as a Country Pavilion in the largest Latin American Food Fair, Antad & Expo 2016 event to be held from 16 to 18 March in Guadalajara, Mexico.
Guatemalan companies that make up the Pavilion will be able to promote your brand to more than 42 thousand visitors from 45 countries, in addition to business meetings with the major supermarket chains in the region lationamericana.
Source: Central Portal
LOW PRODUCTIVITY IN LATIN AMERICA
26 JANUARY 2016
Gaps in GDP per capita between different countries are directly related to the productivity gaps between their respective economies, with education as the main factor of these differences. The OECD report "Promoting inclusive growth of productivity in Latin America" says that although in the past 20 years the region made progress in reducing poverty still stands out globally by unequal income their habitants. Human capital, labor market, business environment, innovation and infrastructures: five areas where make key reforms to correct the poor productivity of the region are identified.
The initial location of human capital in that list, clearly indicates the importance and consideration as the basis of the problem: "... invest in education, skills and lifelong learning will be critical to improving labor productivity and expand economic opportunities." And recommendations for the chapter Education OECD report include concepts that appear again and again in the education agenda of Latin American governments. "... - Develop stronger and appropriate skills through the education system and adult education, with particular attention to low-income households. - Increase investment in education to improve school infrastructure and quality of education in the classroom. - Promote rigorous and transparent selection and teacher evaluation procedures as well as attractive careers and mobility mechanisms. - Adopt educational measures cost efficient in the classroom and strengthen communication between management of the school and teachers . - strengthening the links between education, training and the labor market. - Evaluate and correctly anticipate skill needs, ensuring that this information will in practice to inspire policies aimed at reducing both skills shortages and lack relevance. "
Source: Central Portal
GUATEMALA: New prices of services to exporters
19 JANUARY 2016
Single Window for Export prices changed VUPE services for the period 2016. A statement from Agexport: Prices for broadcast windows for the Single Customs Form, Central (FAUCA) Declaration for the registration and control of Exports (DEPREX) and the Single Customs Declaration (DUA) Final rectifying have a cost of Q. 85.00 The cost to the Final simplified DUA DUA DUA Simplified 29-89 and rectifying Final is in Q. 75.00.
The issuance of export code has a cost of Q. 92, Q. certifications web 12, and the transmission of certificates of origin to Q. 5.00. Also, if the process is the digital platform SEADEX web documents as DEPREX, FAUCA, rectifying DUA Final, provisional DUA 29-89, 29-89 Normal DUA have a cost of Q. 63.00. Regarding the DUA Simplified Final, 29-89 DUA simplified, rectifying Final DUA, cost of Q. 52.
Source: Central Portal
eeb princeton thesis BEST LOGISTICS FOR TRADE WITH ASIA
14 JANUARY 2016
The arrival of the first ships with capacity of 13 TEUs Panamanian Balboa port indicates how shipping services are changing, as a prelude to the opening of the Canal expansion. Travel cargo bound for East Asia two major shipping companies in the world, will be shorter, thanks to Puerto Balboa can now handle ships of over 13,000 TEUs's, near the vessels may transit capacity by Canal Expansion.
The publication reported that the best time to promote Panama products exported to the Japanese market, such as fishmeal, coffee, theft of cattle, foliage, scrap metal, among others.
SUPPLY CHAIN: The EC continues its law to unify the e-commerce in Europe
JANUARY 8, 2016
The EC has presented a proposal for a directive on certain aspects of contracts for the sale of products online and sell digital content. Supply Chain | January 8, 2016 With the objective of removing barriers to the development of European digital single market, the European Commission has proposed a package of reforms for shopping online. European consumer legislation was reformed in Europe on June 13, 2014, through the law on the rights of consumers. The main objective of this policy was to use the full potential of online sales between Member States.
However, after commissioning the growth of e-commerce it has occurred mainly at national, while cross-border e-commerce between Member States has increased marginally. In fact, according to a report by the European Commission, 42% of the sales of online services in the EU takes place domestically. Given this context, the European Commission presented on 9 December a proposal for a directive on certain aspects relating to contracts for sales of online products and a proposal for a directive on certain aspects of the sale of digital content.
The aim of this reform package is to remove existing regulatory barriers between the 28 Member States that prevent the creation of the digital single market. This would, according to data from the EC, generate 4,000 million euros annually and creating thousands of jobs. Extend the warranty to two years Trusted Shop Spain has analyzed this proposed reform of the EC including the warranty for digital content and the warranty for the goods.
In the first case, the reform introduces a single EU-wide regulation for the warranty regarding the purchase of digital content. If the digital content becomes defective, the manufacturer would answer the same without any time limit. If play purchased music or stop working, the consumer would be entitled to reimbursement of the price. Similarly, if the digital content is defective, the consumer must prove that the defect did not exist at the time the digital content was supplied.
Furthermore, under current Spanish legislation, the consumer can exercise his right of guarantee for a defective product for a period of six months without having to prove that the defect existed at the time of delivery. With the new regulations, this period would increase to two years. Likewise, the consumer must inform the seller and not for a period of two months after he has knowledge of the lack of conformity. It is anticipated that these changes facilitate cross-border sales and would strengthen the single market for e-commerce, "though lacking see what the extent of the proposed reforms and how they will be welcomed," concludes Trusted Shop in its report.
Source: Marco Trade News
ETTING BIG TEN INVESTMENT IN LATIN AMERICA FOR 2016
JANUARY 5, 2016
Major groups and companies operating in Latin America are evaluating the acquisition and investment in assets in 2016. The infrastructure, energy, technology and retail are some of the sectors that are in markets such as Chile, Peru and Colombia their older recipients. Latam, Enel group, Angelini group, Matte group and Parque Arauco group, some of which revealed their biggest bets of investment in the region for the new year.
- Arauco will build its largest plant in the United States. In the coming years the forest branch of the Angelini group plans to invest 2,200 million in Chile, mainly for plan map (modernization and expansion of the Arauco Plant). It hopes to start Valdivia complex optimizations to produce textile pulp. Among his most ambitious projects for 2016 is the idea of strengthening the European and South African market through the purchase of half the Spanish manufacturer Tafisa panels, and advance the construction of a new panel plant in Michigan, USA.
- CMPC invested $ 550 million. In 2016, Empresas CMPC's Matte group plans to focus on profitable and modernize its assets in the eight countries where it operates. While in Chile the firm will undertake studies to modernize the plant Laja, first to produce kraft pulp in South America; Brazil will advance in improving the plant Guaíba I. Meanwhile, in Mexico, will allocate investments in acquiring new machinery for making paper, and Peru will invest in the tissue area. - Colbun plans to grow in Chile and Peru and to enter Colombia. The energy signature Matte group plans to advance the construction of the hydroelectric La Mina, 34 megawatts, with an investment of 130 million dollars, and restart the environmental processing of central San Pedro Reservoir. It also plans to focus its business strategy in Peru and Colombia, which seeks to enter another hydroelectric and tempt Isagen.
- Copec Combustibles progress in renewing estaciones.La company Copec Combustibles the Angelini group, which operates in Chile, Colombia and Panama, plans to maintain investments in maritime plants Caldera, Concon and Quinteros (Chile) and renew the image of the service stations. - Corpesca seeks to consolidate in Chile and Brazil. In order to consolidate its strategic position as a provider of high quality protein, the fishing arm Angelini group plans to invest $ 85 million in Chile and advance the proposed acquisition of 30% of FASA Latin America, company that owns eight plants producing animal meal in Brazil. - Enersis will create two new companies. With an estimated 6,500 million for the period 2016 to 2020, Enersis group Enel's investment in restructuring. Over the coming years the company plans to create Enersis Chile and Enersis America, the first invest about two billion dollars mainly in electricity generation, and the second will invest 4,500 million dollars in electricity distribution.
- Entel: 4G in Chile and renewal of the network in Peru. With an investment plan of $ 2,100 million for the period 2015 to 2017, the telecommunications firm linked the Matte group, it plans to consolidate its stake in the Chilean and Peruvian market. In Chile, the most important projects include the deployment of the 700 MHz band, the installation of 600 stations nationwide 4G and connecting rural areas. Meanwhile, in Peru seeks to focus on the renewal of the network and increased coverage.
- Latam: new fleet and four international routes. In 2016, Latam expected to put the focus of its investments in the improvement and renewal of its fleet and opening new international destinations. With an estimated 2 billion dollars investment, the company is present in Chile, Argentina, Peru, Colombia and Ecuador, expects to add: Santiago-Washington (via Lima); Lima-Montevideo; Bogota-Santiago-Punta Cana and Johannesburg (via Sao Paulo), which will become the only group of airlines in the region to reach Africa.
- Parque Arauco commitment malls and outlets. Parque Arauco group is advancing in the construction of shopping centers outside Chile. With an estimated $ 289 million investment, the group is developing Hill Park in Bogota. It also plans the realization of malls and other alternative outlets malls in Coquimbo (Chile) and Lima (Peru).
Source: Marco Trade News